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A frenum (also called frenulum) is a band of tissue that connects or holds down a part of the body such as the tongue, lip, or cheeks. The band of tissue connecting the tongue to the floor of the mouth is called the lingual frenum, while the band connecting the lip to the gum in front of the teeth is called the labial frenum.
Occasionally a frenum might be exceptionally short, thick, or tight, or may extend too far down along the tongue or the gum. There is some literature to suggest that a thick frenum attached to the gums near the tooth can contribute to tooth spacing or to gum recession.
This is particularly true in orthodontic cases where a frenum might interfere with orthodontic tooth movement. When a frenum is positioned in such a way as to interfere with the normal alignment of teeth or to constrict the movement of the tongue or lips, it can be excised with a very simple surgery called a frenectomy. At our office this procedure it typically performed with a dental laser. Often times there is minimal bleeding and no local anesthetic needed. Dr. Kaur would be happy to consult with you to assess your needs and determine the best course of treatment.